When men are oppressed, it is a tragedy. When a woman is oppressed, it is a tradition. – Letty Lutein Pogrebe.
About 200 million girls and women [en – alle links] In 30 African countries, the Middle East and Asia To be subject to circumcision. Two-thirds of these women do not survive the procedure, which requires immediate action from governments to end the practice, according to the World Health Organization (WHO)Who is the). Immediately estimated value Among the 19.9 million women who survived, Nigeria ranks third globally in the number of women and girls who undergo FGM.
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a procedure in which the external female genitalia are partially or completely removed for cultural or non-medical reasons. While there are several reasons for this practice, it is clear that FGM is a deeply rooted sign of gender inequality, Which has also been confirmed from the World Health Organization. “Culture and tradition are important factors that keep the practice alive”, Say Dr. UU Epundu and five other public health researchers affiliated with Nnamdi Azikiwe University Hospital in southeastern Nigeria. According to PubMed, A database of references and abstracts for life science articles, FGM is still performed to “control a woman’s sexuality”. Other causes, according to PubMed, are “a desire to be accepted socially and a fear of social exclusion.” Ibundo said FGM was a “crime against femininity” and carried “a significant health risk and financial burden” that often resulted in death.
female genital mutilation often leads to Heavy bleeding, difficulty urinating, cysts, infections and psychological problems. Complications can also occur during childbirth and there is a higher risk of neonatal death. It is harmful to the body and causes injury to healthy and normal reproductive tissues. Female genital mutilation treatment very expensive And many women cannot afford treatment, which puts them at greater risk of infection.
FGM and other forms of gender-based violence have been criminalized since 2015 Nigeria Prohibition of Violence against Persons Act He had been employed. According to the Nigerian Tribune, there have been only a few convictions for the lack of public awareness And the fact that the law was not signed by 17 of Nigeria’s 36 states, mostly in the north of the country..
“A painful procedure that resulted in scar tissue”
Lucy Oswisigbo, journalist from Premium Times Online, Tell The harrowing story of Rosalyn Nkoo (another name to protect her identity) who survived FGM:
I’m in my late fifties and have shattered aspirations; No husband, no children, no family of my own because of the barbaric practice of FGM that was performed on me when I was two years old. My mother told me that my case was strange because it was done without anaesthesia and I was suffering so badly that I could not stand the sharp pain of a bad wound that had to be sutured. This barbaric act led to the annoying formation of keloids and scar tissue around the genitals, which frightened men whenever they tried to sympathize with me. This shattered my marriage and made me feel lonely, angry, useless, lost, hopeless and hopeless.
I am now in my late fifties and my dreams are shattered; No husband, no children, no family because of the barbaric FGM I suffered when I was two years old. My mother told me I was a special case because the circumcision was done without anesthesia. I suffered so badly that I could not stand the excruciating pain when the wound was sutured. This barbarity has left me with scars and other scar tissue that prevents men from wanting to have sex with me. This ruined my marriage and left me feeling lonely, angry, worthless, lost, abandoned and hopeless.
Niko, who was 57 when this article was published in 2016, became aware of the gravity of the situation when her husband wanted a divorce after seeing her genitals on their wedding night. She says she could not afford the corrective surgery because she did not have enough money. Since then she has been living in a state of anger, misery and depression. This practice had such a huge impact on her life that opportunities she would have otherwise ruled out. Nkwo is one of many women who have had bad experiences of FGM. And not only this. She is also one of the millions of women in Nigeria who have lost everything.
In collaboration with the News Agency of Nigeria, Osuizigbo also tells the story of another woman, Nneoma, aged 36 with two children. In her account, she describes how FGM affected her family and her role as a wife. Nanumah holds her mother responsible for her marital problems and does not know whether to curse her mother or forgive her:
I had two children by caesarean section. The doctor said it was due to female genital mutilation, the vaginal opening is too narrow. It made intercourse painful because I try to avoid sex as much as possible; I cannot satisfy my husband sexually. When I hear people talk about sex as an act of pleasure, I still can’t understand it because my experience was painful. I feel different and uncomfortable among other women. It wasn’t easy, but I have to accept my husband’s extramarital affairs and live with her.
My baby was born by caesarean section. The doctor said it was the best method because circumcision makes my vaginal opening too narrow. Intercourse is always very painful and I try to avoid it as much as possible; I cannot satisfy my husband sexually. I can’t understand when I hear people say that sex is nice because for me it has always been a very painful experience. I feel different from other women and uncomfortable around other women. It’s not easy, but I have to learn to live with my husband’s extramarital affairs.
Given the seriousness of FGM and its impact on the lives of many innocent girls, UNICEF, in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund, has launched campaigns in many countries, including Nigeria. this is a program, currently in its third phase, works with many communities to change mentalities and social norms. UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund also work with the Nigerian government to legally ban FGM while ensuring that young women have access to adequate health care and protection.