These disorders appear differently in women

What makes women different from men? Hormones include hormones, says cardiology professor Angela Maas in this article. With some syndromes you can distinguish the symptoms as a woman’s complaint from men.

Symptoms check

Migraines are three times more common in women. “Migraines are the same for both sexes,” says neuroscientist Gisela Terwindt. But brain disease is different in women than in men. During menstruation, migraines last longer and are more severe. Migraines often get derailed during menopause as well.” Triptans may provide relief for some patients. They work equally well for men and women, and only women experience unpleasant side effects more often than men.” The doctor sometimes lowers the dose, but this actually encourages a return of the seizure. Instead try another triptan. To prevent the attack from returning the next day, long-acting triptans, sometimes taking a double dose at once or adding a long-acting NSAID at bedtime, help prevent the attack from recurring. Discuss this with your doctor. If necessary, take this article or our search with you to the hour of the consultation. You can find that via Hoofdonderzoek.nl”.

Some general practitioners prescribe birth control pills if migraine sufferers order them, but their benefit has not been scientifically proven, according to Tyrrendt. We know that the use of birth control pills for women who have migraines with aura symptoms can be a risk factor for stroke. We are currently researching the use of birth control pills and migraines. We are still looking for participants. You can register via whatstudy.nl”.

ADHD is as common in men as it is in women. However, the diagnosis is made three times more often in boys than in girls. This is in part because girls’ symptoms do not correspond to the way the condition presents in boys. Lagro Janssen: “Boys with ADHD are often hyperactive, impulsive, aggressive, and difficult. Girls are sometimes busier, but most of all have difficulty concentrating and daydreaming. Since boys’ related behavior is more likely to be perceived With ADHD as a disorder, the disorder often goes unrecognized in girls. As a result, they receive less help from experts.” Also, the fact that ADHD is often seen as a “boy’s disease” is more likely to lead to misdiagnosis in girls and women: Sometimes women are first diagnosed with bipolar or borderline disorder. It is estimated that ADHD in girls is not recognized in thirty to fifty percent of cases, and therefore is not treated appropriately.

Women under 65 are more likely to die within a year of a heart attack than men. This is partly because their complaints are identified later, so that they often end up in the hospital later. “Heart complaints appear differently in men than in women,” says Angela Maas. “The classic picture of a heart attack is still an old man clutching his chest. Usually this does not appear with women. 37 percent of women who have heart problems do not have pain in the chest, but in the jaws, upper abdomen, or between the shoulder blades. They also They do not always have heart problems on exertion, as men do, but often have rest, when sitting on the couch or lying in bed. Many doctors do not know this. They attribute “vague” complaints to stress or menopause.” The reason that complaints appear completely differently is that the process of atherosclerosis is different: in men, calcification causes narrowing of a larger branch of the coronary arteries. In women, it is rather a spasm of the larger and/or smaller blood vessels. This is often not visible during a regular cardiac catheterization. Then the women are often sent home.

Angela Maas thinks it’s a bad thing, because the complaints that women come to the doctor – small vascular spasms that cause pain and discomfort, fatigue, shortness of breath and back pain – are symptoms of aging blood vessels. Risk factors also differ for women, says Maas. “Gestational diabetes, high blood pressure during pregnancy, and rheumatism increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in middle age and beyond. Women who enter menopause early are more likely to develop heart disease. Call a doctor in time. Not only when you receive complaints. Early control reduces significantly reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes.”

On average, women are diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis, an arthritis of the spine, five years after men. This is because it is more common in men. Doctors used to think that the disease affected men ten times more often, but now it is clear that the diagnosis is often missed in women. The male to female ratio is now 3:1. If you have back pain that mainly appears at night and is stiff for hours in the morning, go to your doctor and get yourself checked out or perhaps refer you to a rheumatologist. Women respond less well to standard medications prescribed for certain types of rheumatism. But there are many medications that can be used, so talk to your doctor about what works best for you.

Abdominal pain, headache, dizziness, back pain… Seventy to ninety percent of patients with persistent physical complaints are women. If the doctor cannot find a cause, they are often told that it is located between the ears or that it is due to menopause and only part of it. According to Angela Maas, this does not do the woman justice. Female sex hormones affect all kinds of bodily processes. Not only on the heart, but also on the function of the brain, immune system, and kidneys. But we do not yet fully understand the many complaints this causes. Simply because very little research has been done on it. So it’s not “between the ears,” we know very little about the functioning of the female body.”

Toine Lagro-Janssen says it’s important that doctors keep asking questions. “Women and men are not only different physically, but also have different life histories. Chronic pain and complaints such as stomach aches, headaches and depression do not necessarily indicate illness. Women have experienced more sexual abuse, partner violence, and poverty than men in their lifetime. This psychosocial impact can manifest in Physical complaints. There is not always enough attention to that.”

This article appeared in Margriet Extra 6 – Healthy Living. Get Margriet Extra – Healthy Living Fast Or Order it online here!

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