What are the symptoms of monkeypox and how does the monkeypox virus get here?

Medical Facts Editorial / Janine Padding May 20 2022 – 10:41 PM

After a string of infections in Europe and North America, the virus has now also appeared in the Netherlands. Monkeypox infection in humans outside of Africa has occurred as a result of international travel or importation of animals, including cases in the United States, as well as in Israel, Singapore, and the United Kingdom. The natural reservoir of monkeypox is still unknown. African rodents and non-human primates (such as monkeys) can also harbor the virus and infect humans. The good news is that there is a vaccine.

Symptoms of monkeypox in humans are similar to those of smallpox, but are milder. Monkeypox begins with a fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue. The main difference between smallpox and monkeypox symptoms is that monkeypox causes the lymph nodes to swell (lymph nodes), while smallpox does not. The incubation period (the period from infection to the onset of symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 7 to 14 days, but can range from 5 to 21 days. The disease begins with:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle strain
  • Back pain
  • swollen lymph nodes
  • goosebumps
  • exhaustion

Within one to three days (sometimes longer) of the onset of the fever, the patient develops a rash, often starting on the face and then spreading to other parts of the body. Pests go through the following stages before falling off:

  • macular papules
  • blisters
  • pustules
  • Peel

The disease usually lasts from 2 to 4 weeks. In Africa, monkeypox has been shown to cause the death of up to 1 in 10 people who contract the disease.

Monkey infection and transmission

Transmission of monkeypox virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human, or material contaminated with the virus. The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if it is not visibly damaged), the respiratory tract, or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth). Animal-to-human transmission can occur through biting or scratching, preparation of bushmeat, direct contact with body fluids or pest material, or indirect contact with pest material, such as contaminated spores. Human-to-human transmission is believed to occur mainly via large respiratory droplets and contact through mucous membranes. Respiratory droplets generally cannot block more than a few tens of centimeters, so prolonged face-to-face contact is required.

Other methods of human-to-human transmission include direct contact with bodily fluids or the substance of the pest and indirect contact with the substance of the pest, such as contaminated clothing or bedding. The reservoir host (the main vector of the disease) for monkeypox remains unknown, although African rodents are suspected of playing a role in the transmission. The virus that causes monkeypox has been found (isolated) only twice from an animal in nature. Initially (1985) the virus was found in apparently diseased African ferrets (weekly horn) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In the second (2012), the virus was recovered from a deceased infant found in Tay National Park, Côte d’Ivoire.

WHO emergency advisory

The World Health Organization (WHO) has decided to hold an emergency meeting due to the sudden global outbreak of monkeypox. Experts will consider whether the alarm should be triggered.

Observers said the World Health Organization may declare a public health emergency of international concern. At the end of January 2020, the World Health Organization issued such a warning about the outbreak of the Corona virus.

WHO experts also discussed the spread of the virus, possibilities of vaccination and the high proportion of infected men who have sex with men, British media reported.

The World Health Organization confirms that monkeypox is now emerging in countries where the disease does not spread naturally. The virus is actually mainly found in parts of Africa, but infections have been reported in an increasing number of European countries, the United States, Canada and Australia in a short time. At the moment, the organization is talking about eighty confirmed cases and fifty probable infections.

Source: CDC

Medical Facts Editorial / Janine Padding

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