Madrid – Every year on April 24, World Laboratory Animal Day is celebrated. Animal rights organizations especially organize demonstrations and actions on this day To educate people that more than 10.5 million animals are used in laboratory experiments worldwide. But how many animals are actually involved in Spain, Holland and Belgium?
In celebration of this day It’s certainly not a celebration, but one thinks of the suffering of millions of cats, dogs, monkeys, rabbits, rats and other animals forcibly injected with toxins, surgically mutilated or even subjected to terrifying situations to create fear and reason. depression, according to Europe is cruelty-free † While the labs say the use of animals is indispensable, opponents want to look for alternatives.
Worldwide, more than 10.5 million animals are used in laboratory experiments each year, many of which do not survive and a small number are lucky enough to be adopted after testing. The latest figures from 2017 show that 20% more dogs were used in Europe, which comes to 25,700 dogs. He has also written about more than 3,000 cats, 385,000 rabbits, 88,000 pigs, and 74,000 sheep to name a few animals.
But if we only look at Spain, how many animals are involved? The number of animals used in animal experiments in Spain in 2020, according to Annual numbers Compared to 2019, it decreased by 9% to 761,012 animals, 7% lower than in 2018. About 57% of laboratory animals were rodents (mainly mice), 14% were fish (mainly zebrafish), and 17 % of birds (mainly poultry), 3% of rabbits and less than 1% of dogs and cats. In 2020, 789 dogs and 779 cats were used in Spain for scientific research, while in 2019 it was still used 1463 dogs and 542 cats, a figure in 2019 that was 1132 for dogs and 276 for cats.
If we look at the numbers, they relate to 430,742 rats (ratons), 104,448 fish (pez cebra y otros peces and 970 squid), 135,401 chickens and other birds (aves de corral y otras aves), 36,741 rats (ratas), and 19,925 rabbits (conejos), 11,654 guinea pigs, hamsters and other rodents (cobayas, hámsteres y otros roedores), 8,723 pigs (cerdos), 5,903 reptiles, clawed frogs and amphibians (reptiles, xenopus y otros anfibios). About 475 macaques are also used annually, but large monkeys such as chimpanzees are never used and never used in cosmetic research, which is banned within the European Union.
The number of research centers explicitly acknowledging the use of animals in scientific experiments increased to 153 in 2020. It also indicates that fewer and fewer animals are being used because they are looking for alternatives and want to improve the treatment of laboratory animals. But some experiments can only be done with living organisms. It is understood that there is a certain social sensitivity to the issue of laboratory animals, but most people often do not realize that in some cases it is necessary to use live animals.
according to Annual numbers From the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, a total of 448,798 animals were used to test animals in 2020, a slight increase of 142 compared to 2019. But the Netherlands reports that killing animals is only for their use of organs, tissues or body fluids, unlike the European Union, as an animal experiment. In 2020, 42,020 animals were used for this purpose, which means that the number of animal experiments for the European registration is less, i.e. 406,788 animals.
If we look at the numbers, we are talking about 148,291 mice, 87,169 rats, 63,314 chickens and other birds, 58,993 zebrafish and other fish, 15,373 rabbits, 11,997 guinea pigs, hamsters and other rodents, 9,192 pigs and 4,090 cattle. In the Netherlands, 237 claw monkeys, rhesus monkeys and Java monkeys were also used in animal experiments.
And in terms of dogs and cats, it has increased in the Netherlands in 2020 compared to 2019, to be exact from 550 dogs in 2019 to 803 dogs in 2020 and from 171 cats in 2019 to 604 cats in 2020. In 2018 this was 1,016 dogs and 120 cats remain.
As in the Netherlands and Spain, animal experiments are also taking place in Flanders. For 2020, according to Annual numbers He talks about 220,609 animals, 13% less than 253,433 animals in 2019. At the animal species level, rats (57.74%), chickens (18.14%) and zebrafish (7.31%) were the most frequently used in animal experiments in 2020.
If we look at the numbers, we are talking about 127,379 mice, 10,075 rats, 44,664 chickens and other birds, 18,803 zebrafish and other fish, 8,044 rabbits, 2,851 guinea pigs, hamsters and other rodents, 3,006 pigs and 2,126 cattle. In Flanders, 36 rhesus monkeys were used but no claw monkeys and Java monkeys were used in animal experiments.
With regard to dogs and cats, it has increased in Flanders in 2020 compared to 2019, to be exact from 1,086 dogs in 2019 to 1,496 dogs in 2020 and from 8 cats in 2019 to no less than 253 cats in 2020. In In 2018 that was still the case .410 dogs and 245 cats.