The bottlenose dolphin is one of the most famous species of dolphin. fashionable shape and color; Ask someone what a dolphin looks like and describe a bottlenose dolphin! The bottlenose dolphin is one of the 36 species of dolphin living around the world and the most famous species thanks to the TV series “Flipper” in which this animal species was central. You can read all about this dolphin on this page.
- Weight: 200 to 300 kg
- Size: 2 to 3 meters
- Color: white belly, gray top
- Life expectancy: up to 40-45 years
- Diet: fish
- Habitat: Worldwide in all cold, temperate and tropical seas
- Order: whales, toothed whales, sea dolphins
Bottlenose dolphins are the most famous species of dolphin. Everyone instantly recognizes the animals and will describe the dolphin as being like a bottlenose dolphin. The distinctive curved body shape with the dorsal fin, caudal fin and pectoral fin characterizes the animal. The skin is gray and the abdomen is white.
Dolphins have three types of fins:
- Dorsal fin provides stability
- Tail fin for speed experience
- Pectoral fins to send along
On average, this species of dolphin swims at a speed of about 10 kilometers per hour, but thanks to its streamlined body shape and these efficient fins, the bottlenose dolphin can reach a speed of about 40 kilometers per hour in a fast race!
natural living environment
Bottle-nosed dolphins are found worldwide in all cold, temperate and tropical seas. They are true group animals and live in a group of 2 to 15 animals. Sometimes different groups of dolphins join together temporarily, so large groups can arise. The main enemies are the larger shark species and in some regions also the killer whale.
Bottlenose dolphins eat different types of fish and squid, at about 6 to 8 kilograms per day. They eat the fish they encounter in that area in their natural habitat. So they do not have a specific diet.
They have different ways of fishing. Fish are caught by holding them with their teeth. Without chewing, they swallow the fish in one sitting. Bottlenose dolphins often work together to catch their prey: in a group you have a better chance of catching a lot of fish. Fun fact: Dolphins get the moisture they need from fish, so they don’t drink!
smart fishing techniques
Depending on where bottlenose dolphins live, they have developed different fishing techniques. They use air bubbles, shock fish with sonar or lead fish to shore and then bite them.
Animals with very similar characteristics are divided into orders. Dolphins belong to the order of whales. This consists of two groups; Baleen whales and toothed whales, the latter being the group to which dolphins belong. The group of toothed whales consists of nine families, to which the sea dolphin family belongs. This, in turn, consists of 36 species.
Dolphins are very intelligent animals. They live in groups and communicate with each other through the sound of “sonar”. In addition, dolphins are so intelligent that they can learn everything. Consider, for example, performances in which dolphins perform tricks and tricks. But they also use their intelligence in the natural environment, for example to develop hunting techniques as described above. Bottle-nose dolphins are very social. This type of dolphin is characterized by a lot of playing, searching and communicating a lot with each other.
Dolphins navigate by sonar. Sound is reflected when sound waves hit objects. Toothed whales, as well as bottlenose dolphins, benefit from this. By emitting high pitched tones, these animals can locate objects. When these tones hit something, they bounce. The animals pick up these reflected sounds again so they can form a picture of the environment in their heads. This allows dolphins to navigate flawlessly even in murky or dark waters without bumping into anything.
Bottlenose dolphins, like all other dolphin species, are mammals. This means that these animals grow in the abdomen of a mother dolphin and breathe through the lungs, just like humans.
Dolphins give birth to young who suckle (drink milk) from their mother, unlike fish that are born from an egg and can take care of themselves right away.
Dolphins have lungs that they use to extract oxygen from the air just like humans do. So they have to rise above the surface of the water to catch the air. Dolphins can breathe through the blowing hole above their heads. When dolphins drown under the water, the blowhole is closed, and when they come above the water, the blowhole opens and they have to breathe quickly. You can hear the force they breathe! Dolphins can stay underwater for about 15 minutes, which is useful if you want to dive deep! When they are swimming calmly, they breathe more.
Since dolphins are mammals, they also have a stable body temperature. This is about 37 degrees, regardless of the ambient temperature. So they are warm-blooded.